That influence the asset or assets in the portfolio. The variance in each of these instruments and the covariance across instruments must be estimat after identifying them. These variances and covariance are in practice obtain by looking at historical data. They are key to estimating VaR. The final step is to calculate the Value at Risk for the portfolio. Uing the weights on standard instruments calculat in Step and the variance and covariance on those instruments calculat in Step.

## Also read Understanding

RAROC RiskAdjust Return On Thailand WhatsApp Number Data Capital. The formula for calculating VaR is the variance covariance method. The formula for calculating Value at Risk using the parametric method is Parametric. VaR VaR Z score standard deviation of returns portfolio value Value at Risk in this formula is express in currency units and represents the maximum loss that can be expect with a certain level of probability over a certain time period. Zscore represents the number of standard deviations from the average return and standard deviation of returns measures the volatility of a portfolio or investment.

### Example of calculating

VaR using the variance covariance Sweden Phone Number List method The standard deviation of the daily returns of asset A and its average are given. There are trading days in a year and the value of asset A is . The annual VaR is estimat at using the formula. This implies that there is a probability that the asset will fall in value by more than over the course of a year if it is not trad. Statement Format Components and How to Make It . Monte Carlo Method The Monte Carlo method is a dynamic method for calculating Value at Risk . Value at Risk is calculat by creating a random number of scenarios for future interest rates using a nonlinear pricing model to estimate changes in value bas on the Monte Carlo Method.